Female sexual dysfunction refers to persistent or recurrent problems with sexual response, desire, orgasm, or pain that cause distress or strain in a woman’s intimate relationship. Many women experience sexual function issues at some point in their lives, and for some, these difficulties persist throughout their lifetime. Female sexual dysfunction can manifest in specific sexual situations or across all sexual encounters.
Female sexual dysfunction can present in various ways, depending on the specific type:
If sexual problems are affecting your relationship or causing concern, it is essential to make an appointment with your doctor for a comprehensive evaluation.
Female sexual dysfunction can arise due to various factors, many of which are interrelated:
Several factors may increase the risk of experiencing female sexual dysfunction:
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To diagnose female sexual dysfunction, your doctor may:
Your doctor may also refer you to a counselor or therapist specializing in sexual and relationship problems.
It’s important to remember that sexual dysfunction only requires treatment if it bothers you. Treatment for female sexual dysfunction can vary depending on symptoms and causes. Communicating your concerns and understanding your body’s normal sexual response are essential in choosing the right treatment and assessing its effectiveness.
Nonmedical strategies your doctor might recommend:
Medical treatments may address underlying medical conditions or hormonal changes:
Agents needing more research for female sexual dysfunction treatment:
Alternative therapies that may help improve sexual satisfaction:
Note that herbal supplements and topical oils may be available, but their effectiveness and safety require more research.
To adapt to changes in sexual desire and satisfaction:
If you have ongoing sexual difficulties, make an appointment with your doctor. Be prepared to provide information about your symptoms, sexual history, and medical history. Ask questions and be open about your concerns to receive the best care.